Have you heard the name Middle East? Do you know exactly where it is? How about the places there? If you are interested to get closer with Middle East, read this article.
What is Middle East?
Middle East is an area that incorporates most of the countries in West Asia. It comprises also the area on the boundary of Asia and Europe which is the Caucasus. Egypt includes in this area as well. Majority in this area are preoccupied by the ethnic groups of Persians, Turks, and Arabs. The remaining are being dominated by Somalis, Druze, Kurds, Jews, Armenians, Azeri, Assyrians, Circassians, Maronites, Copts and other small tribes.
During the 20TH century there are significant events happened in the Middle East. The different expeditions, expansion of empires, and battles contributed to make the region more historical.
- The Arab in the Middle East was captured in the Ottoman authority and intrusion from European supremacy.
- Napoleon Expedition in Egypt-After the successful expedition of Napoleon in Egypt, their head of state pursued transformation and liberation from the province of Istanbul in Turkey. It did not succeed because of financial challenges which led it to be in the British control.
- The expansion and withdrawal of ottoman Realm-the main territories of Ottoman realm continue to expand until it was partly separated around 1918-2000.
- World War I and different agreements- World War I played vital role to end the Ottoman realm. Although, there were treaties between Europeans and Arabs still the Arab nationalists failed to make an all-in Arab empire.
- Asia Minor Agreement-it is also known as the Sykes-Picot Agreement. It is considered as confidential agreement agreed by the UK and France. Its main objective is to rule over Middle East by beating the Ottoman realm in the First World War.
- The Control of Middle East under the authority of France and Great Britain- The two countries were commanded by the League of Nations to administer the region. However, it was spoilt by the Arab autonomists.
- The mandate of British to Palestine-the relationship of Jew people and Arab people got worsened in the mandate made by the British Empire.
- Ibn Saud- At his early age, Saud was able to win battles and restore his ancestor’s empire. He helped the Saudi Arabia to have own kingdom by taking out the Britain authority in the region. His braveness was acknowledged by the Britain and declared as the king of Saudi Arabia.
- Great Lebanon (The Formation)-the eagerness to keep the sovereignty they obtained, Lebanese autonomists influenced their associates at Versailles’ legislature to form a state that focuses the Christian Community at Mount Lebanon.
- Great Syria and Fertile Crescent-Arab’s Plan for Unity- despite of being on the peak of autonomy in the Middle East, the Arabian Union dropped due to its struggles on forthcoming issues.
- Middle East (1945-present)-after World War I, the states in the region has successfully achieved liberty. On the contrary, the formation of Israel and unity in Arabia remains unsolved in the Middle East.
- Unsuccessful Partition- As proposed by the United Nations, the Palestine people and its neighbour Arab States neglected the proposal of Palestine Partition.
- Conflict between Israel and Arabia-as a result of unsuccessful partition proposal for Palestine headed to extended conflicts between the two.
- Conflict between Israelites and Arabians-when the Israel has finally became state, the Palestine people were extremely influenced by the Arabians for expansion of their supremacy, so they started to fight. They use their own strength and armours to defend their right in their own state.
- Colonies-after having more or less six days, the Jews started to colonize other territories they have occupied in Palestine. Their intention is for their security from having territorial compromise with the Palestine authority.
- Cold War from Arab-just like the cold war state in the east and west, the region of Middle East was categorized as reformist and traditional groups. It lasts until about 1973.
- Lebanon War (1975-1989)-around 1975 and 1992, Lebanon with political government created from unsubstantial allied groups became the frontline of having numerous group struggling for their rights in Lebanon’s forthcoming and the challengers for political positions both in regional and national.
- Iraq’s War (1980-2003)-during early 1980’s, Iraq stricken Iran. It was after having the Iran of their Shiite Revolution. In spite of being deteriorated through the war, it conquered the Kuwait Sultanate. The action taken was showing disobedience to the international group entities.
- Discovery of Mineral oils-In the 20th century, Middle East was able to strengthen their political control because of their discovery of their rich mineral oils. They became popular as the major supplier of this oil that is mostly used not only locally but globally.
Middle East as compromises with different states varies its religion. The major religion that dominates the region is Islam. Christianity and Judaism that originally started from them is also highly respected. Christians can be classified from about 41% of the Lebanese, which includes most of the higher officials.
They have different languages; in numbers they have the principal languages such as Persian, Kurdish, Berber, Arabic, and Turkish. They are originated from the different language family like Afro-Asiatic, Turkic and Indo-European. There are also more or less twenty minor languages being spoken.
English language is also being taught to them. As universal and business language they are oblige to learn English. They treat English as their secondary language. Mostly, this is being taught and used by the middle and upper class people.
French is also used in some government properties and media networks in the different places like Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia. Mostly, French is being taught in elementary and high school in Egypt, Israel and Syria.
Arabic is the most and commonly spoken and written language in Middle East. Followed by Persian and next is Turkish language.
Middle East caters of both wealth and poor countries. Qatar and United Arab Emirates are considered as the most progressive countries in Middle East, while Yemen and Gaza belongs to the poorest country in the region.
The status of the two poorest countries did not affect the total average of economic stability of Middle East; in fact they are performing very well in business industry.
Middle East does not only excel in economy, they are also rich in beautiful and magnificent edifices that will truly catch your heart. They also provide different tourist spots that you can no longer forget wherever you may go.
Despite of the different conflicts in Middle East, they strive harder to remain as progressive as they have right now.